Illustrated Architecture Dictionary.............. Illustrated FURNITURE Glossary

History, Architecture and Furniture Outline: France, England and America

Styles

France
French furniture

England
English furniture

America
American furniture

Roman

Roman occupation
1 BC--496 AD

   

Romanesque

     

Gothic

Architecture

Furniture

Henry VII (Tudor)
Ruled 1405-1509
Founder of the Tudor dynasty.
Joiners use oak.

Henry VIII (Tudor)
Ruled 1509-1547

Edward VI (Tudor)
Ruled 1547-1553

Mary I (Tudor)
 

Renaissance

Architecture

Furniture

Francis I
Ruled 1515-1547


Henry II / Francis II / Charles IX / Henry III
1547-15; Catherine de Medici dominated the period

Henry IV
"Henry of Navarre" ruled 1589-1610

Louis XIII
Ruled 1610-1643; mother Marie de Médici regent during his minority

Elizabeth I (Tudor)
Ruled 1558-1603

James I (Jacobean)
Ruled 1603-1625

Charles I
Ruled 1625-1649;
(Jacobean)
Beheaded.

Commonwealth 1649-1660
No monarch
(Jacobean)
Pilgrims / Jacobean

Colonial

Baroque

Architecture

Furniture

Louis XIV
Ruled 1643-1715; eldest son of Louis XIII; mother Anne of Austria regent during his minority

Philippe d'Orleans, Regent (Regency)
1715-1722; regent during the minority of Louis XV

Charles II
Ruled 1660-1685
(sometimes refrred to as Jacobean)

This period is referred to as the Restoration when the English monarchy was restored under Charles II after the English Civil War. The name Restoration may apply both to the actual event by which the monarchy was restored, and to the period immediately following the accession of Charles II.

Walnut becoming more popular

1666 Great Fire of London

James II
Ruled 1685-1689
Veneer and Marquetry

William & Mary
Ruled 1689-1702

Queen Anne
Ruled 1702-1714

King George I

Ruled 1714- 1727
Mahogany
William & Mary

Queen Anne

Rococo

Architecture

Furniture

Louis XV
Ruled 1715-1774; great grandson of Louis XIV
George II
Ruled 1727-60

William Kent
 

Neoclassical

Architecture

Furniture

Louis XVI
Son of Louis XV. 1754-1793. King 1774-1793. Guillotined.

Directory (Directoire)
1789-1804

Napoleon I (Bonaparte)
Ruled 1804-1814

Restoration: Louis XVIII / Charles X / Louis-Philippe
1830-1870; French monarchy restored

George III
Ruled 1760-1820

Regency
1811-1820
The English Regency, or simply the Regency, is a name given to the period from 1811 to 1820 in the history of the United Kingdom. During this time the Prince Regent, later King George IV, ruled the United Kingdom during the mental incapacity to rule of his father, King George III.

Thomas Chippendale

Robert Adam

George Hepplewhite

Thomas Sheraton

George IV (Greek Revival)
Ruled 1820-1830
Federal

Greek Revival

Empire furniture

Late Classicism furniture

George Washington 1789-1797

John Adams 1797-1801

Thomas Jefferson 1801-1809

James Madison
1809-1817


Samuel MacIntyre

Duncan Phyfe

Charles Honoré Lannuier

Revivals

Napoleon III (Neo-Baroque/Second Empire))
Ruled 1852-1871; nephew of Napoleon I; elected 1848, but declared himself emperor 1852

Victoria
Ruled 1837-1901

Gothic Revival

Arts and Crafts

William Morris

Charles Mackintosh
Gothic Revival

Renaissance Revival

Romanesque Revival

Rococo Revival furniture

Octagon

Italianate

Aesthetic Movement

Second Empire

Stick

Eastlake

Colonial Revival

Tudor Revival

Beaux Arts

Shingle

Queen Anne

Neoclassicism


Arts and Crafts / Mission furniture

Theodore Roosevelt 1901-1909


Gustav Stickley

Frank Lloyd Wright

Greene & Greene


Charles Rohlfs

Art Nouveau

Architecture

Furniture

Edward
Ruled 1901-1910
 

Art Deco

Architecture

Furniture


  Calvin Coolidge
1923-1929

Franklin D. Roosevelt, 1933-1945

Modern Style

Architecture

Furniture

    Ludwig Mies van der Rohe

Charles Eames

See also:


Page by Chuck LaChiusa
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