Neoclassical FURNITURE........................Illustrated Architecture Dictionary ........................ Greek temples
Neoclassicism / Classical Revival
Neoclassicism - Terminology Neoclassicism/Neoclassical
Literally: "New Classicism."
European and American architecture style inspired by Classical Greek - and especially Roman - ruins.
Georgian Four King Georges in England. George III ruled England when Neoclassicism was popular. Georgian Neoclassical Neoclassicism named after George III in England. Encompasses both Palladian and Adamesque Neoclassical styles. Palladian Neoclassical Earlier version of European Neoclassicism based on the books of Italian Renaissance architect Andrea Palladio who studied Roman ruins in Italy. Adam style/Adamesque Later version of European Neoclassicism based on Robert's Adam's studies of excavations at Herculaneum and Pompeii. Colonial Styles of architecture during America's colonial period, i.e., before the Revolutionary War. The most prominent style was Georgian because most the colonies were English owned. Federal The American term for Adamesque after the Revolutionary War. "Federal" is a a patriotic term. Roman Classicism/ / Jeffersonian Classicism / Classic(al) Revival American Neoclassical substyle inspired by Andrea Palladio's books. Thomas Jefferson owned three copies of Palladio's books and used Palladian ideals in designing Monticello, etc.
This vision of Neoclassicism competed with the simpler Federal style.
Beaux-Arts Classicism A very rich, lavish and heavily ornamented classical style taught at L'Ecole des Beaux Arts in Paris in the 19th century. Influenced the last phase of Neoclassicism in the United States. Neoclassical Monumental Architecture Government-sponsored public buildings during the Great Depression, esp. in Germany and Russia, but also in the US. Inspired by Classical Roman architecture.
Element of a facade resembling the front of a Classical temple, with columns or pilasters carrying an entablature and pediment, applied to an elevation, as in a Palladian composition with portico.
Examples from Buffalo architecture:
- Right illustration above: Albright-Knox Art Gallery Temple Front
- Buffalo & Erie County Historical Society Museum Temple Front
- M&T Branch Bank, 133 Grant St. Temple Front
- First Church of Christ, Scientist / Karpeles Manuscript Museum Temple Front
- Photo: 1036 Broadway Temple Front
- Butler Mausoleum, Forest Lawn Temple Front
- Knox Mausoleum, Forest Lawn Temple Front
- Supreme Court Building, Washington, DC Temple Front
- Photo: Capitol Building, Washington, D.C. Temple Front
- Monticello Roman Classicism inspired by Palladianism
- University of Virginia Temple Front
- Cathédral St. Pierre, Geneva Temple Front
- Panthéon, Paris Temple Front
- Church of San Giorgio Maggiore, Venice, Italy Temple Front
Examples from Buffalo architecture:
- Dickinson Jewelry Store
- Tracy Monument, Forest Lawn
- Letchworth-Skinner Mausoleum, Forest Lawn
- Federal style examples
- Greek Revival examples
- Adamesque examples
- Georgian Revival examples
- Left illustration above: England - Portland Place, London Adamesque
- Italy - Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II, Milan
- Britain - Charlotte Square, Edinburgh, Scotland Adamesque
- Britain - The Circus, Bath England Palladianian inspired
- France - Fontainebleau
- Germany - Interior - Residence Museum, Munich
- Poland - Church of St. Anne, Warsaw
- Poland - 32 Krakowskie, Warsaw
- Russia - Yusupov Palace, St. Petersburg
- Russia - Hermitage Theatre of Classical Russian Ballet
- Russia - Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg