Illustrated Architecture Dictionary ............... Traditional Building Materials Used in Buffalo, NY
Includes all stone products, all brick products and all concrete block units, including decorative and customized blocks.
Ashlar brick (rock-faced brick): A brick whose face has been hacked to resemble roughly hacked stone
Ashlar masonry: Smooth square or rectangular stones laid with mortar in horizontal courses
Broken rangework masonry: Stone masonry laid in horizontal courses of different heights, any one course of which may be broken into two or more courses
Cavity-wall masonry: An exterior wall of masonry, consisting of an outer and inner course separated by a continuous air space, connected together by wire or sheet-metal ties; the dead space provides improved thermal insulation
Coursed masonry: Masonry construction in which the stones are laid in regular courses, not irregularly as in rough or random stonework
Coursed rubble: A rubble wall having approximately level beds at intervals to continuous level courses
Cyclopean masonry: Often found in ancient cultures, characterized by huge irregular stones laid without mortar and without any form of coursing. (In Greek mythology, the Cyclopes were the three one-eyed Titans who forged thunderbolts for Zeus, or were the race of one-eyed giants descended from the Titans.)
Example: Acropolis at Mycenae, Greece
Dressed stone: Stone that has been worked to desired shape; the faces to be exposed are smooth
Facing: An ornamental or protective layer
Quarry-faced: Squared blocks with rough surfaces that look as if they just came out of the ground, squared off only for the joints; usually used in massive work (e.g., Onondaga limestone foundations in older Buffalo houses). Having a face left as it comes from the quarry and not smoothed with the chisel or point; - said of stones.
Pebble dash (pebble wall masonry)
Random Ashlar: Ashlar masonry where stones appear to be laid without a drawn pattern, although the pattern may be repeated
Rubble masonry: Very irregular stone, used primarily on the construction of foundations and walls where the irregular quality is desirable
Rusticated masonry: Coursed stone in which each block is separated by deep joints. The surface is usually very rough.