Illustrated Architecture Dictionary


Masonry cut in large blocks separated by deep joints and sometimes a roughened surface, used to give a bold, exaggerated look to the lower part of an exterior wall, or to frame a door or window


Said of cut stone having strongly emphasized recessed joints and smooth or roughly textured block faces; used to create an appearance of impregnability in banks, palaces, courthouses, etc.

The border of each block may be rebated [a cut or groove along or near the edge of a piece of wood that allows another piece to fit into it to form a joint.], chamfered, or beveled on all four sides, at top and bottom only, or on two adjacent sides; the face of the brick may be flat, pitched, or diamond-point, and if smooth may be hand or machine-tooled.

- Cyril M.  Harris, ed.,  An Illustrated Dictionary of Historic Architecture, Dover Publications, 1977, p. 474.

A feature of a Gibbs surround

Found in Art Deco, Georgian Revival, Italian Renaissance Revival, Beaux Arts Classicism styles

Examples from Buffalo architecture:

Other examples:

Photos and their arrangement © 2002 Chuck LaChiusa
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