Illustrated Architecture Dictionary

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A dome, usually small, topping a roof or turret

Latin: "cupa" = cup. A cupola is a spherical roof, placed like an inverted cup over a circular, square or multangular apartment

Cupolas often serve as a belfry, belvedere, or roof lantern above a main roof. In other cases they may crown a spire, tower, or turret.  Barns often have cupolas for ventilation.

Crossing: The space at the interior intersection of the nave, chancel, and transept of a church; often surmounted by a crossing tower or dome/cupola.

Cupola VS BelvedereCupola is a dome-shaped ornamental structure located on top of a larger roof or dome,  while belvedere is a turret or other raised structure offering a pleasant view of the surrounding area.

Drum: Round wall or structure that supports a dome

Found in classical Greek and Roman architecture and derivatives, including
Beaux Arts Classicism, Classical Revival, Federal, Georgian Revival, Greek Revival, Neoclassicism, Renaissance Revival, Second Empire

See also:  Just What is a Cupola Anyway?  (online Jan. 2017)

Examples from Buffalo architecture:
Other examples:

Photos and their arrangement 2002 Chuck LaChiusa
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