Illustrated Architecture Dictionary
Ankh: Ancient Egyptian hieroglyph - a cross shaped like a T with a loop at the top.
Celtic cross: A Latin cross with a circle superimposed on its center
☧ Chi-Rho: Formed by superimposing the first two letters in the Greek spelling of the word Christ: chi = ch and rho = r, in such a way to produce the monogram.
Cross bottony: Cross having each arm terminating in three rounded lobes, forming a sort of trefoil.
In heraldry, bottony refers to a symbol having a bud or button, or a kind of trefoil, at the end.
- Cross bottony: Annunciation RC Church Finial
- Cross bottony: Buffalo Religious Arts Center/St. Francis Xavier RC Church Angel on stained glass window
- Cross bottony: St. Luke's Roman Catholic Church/St. Luke's Mission of Mercy
- Cross bottony: Holy Trinity Lutheran Church
- Cross bottony: St. John's United Evangelical Church / St. John's United Church of Christ
- Cross bottony: Interior, Cemetery Chapel, Olympia, Greece
- Cross bottony: Basilica of Santa Croce, Florence, Italy
- Cross bottony: Basilica of San Petronio, Bologna, Italy
Cross pattée: Type of Christian cross which has arms narrow at the centre, and often flared in a curve or straight line shape, to be broader at the perimeter.
( AKA: "cross patty" / "cross Pate" / "cross formée/formy" / croix pattée)
- Cross pattée: Annunciation RC Church
- Cross pattée: Galleria dell'Accademia di Firenze, Florence, Italy
- Cross pattée: Philae Temple of Isis, Egypt
- Cross pattée: Saint Louis Cathedral, Saint Louis, MO
Crucifix: A cross with a representation of Jesus' body hanging from it.
A Middle English term derived from the Latin, meaning "fastened to a cross."
Eastern Orthodox: A cross with three cross beams.
The second cross-bar at top is for the INRI inscription; the bottom cross-bar is His footrest.
AKA: Byzantine, Greek Orthodox, Macedonian, Russian, Slavic, Slavonic, or Ukraine cross
- Eastern Orthodox: Church of the Intercession, Kizhi, Russia
- Eastern Orthodox: Church of the Resurrection of Lazarus, Kizhi, Russia
- Eastern Orthodox: St. Basil's Church. Moscow, Russia
Greek cross: A cross with four equal arms at right angles.
Latin cross (Christian cross): A cross consisting of a vertical bar intersected by a shorter horizontal one above its midpoint.
Believed to be of the style on which Jesus died. The cross as a Christian symbol came into use at least as early as the second century.
Upsidedown Latin cross: associated with St. Peter
- Latin cross: Annunciation RC Church
- Latin cross: Trinity United Methodist Church, Grand Island
Processional cross: A crucifix which is carried at the head of a procession, and which, that it may be more easily seen, is usually mounted upon a long staff or handle.
Rood: A large crucifix; esp. one set above the chancel entrance
Saltire (St. Andrew's cross): Lines run diagonally; a cross rotated by 45 degrees.
The design used on a monstrance. Someimes found on necklaces of a crucifix with sunburst behind the head of Jesus.
For other types of crosses, see Wikipedia: Cross (online October 2019) and Fish Eaters (online October 2019)
Furniture: X stretcher: Used to connect the four supports of a chair or piece of furniture, and to reinforce them.