.Architecture Around the World
Teatro alla Scala
(La Scala Opera house)
Teatro alla Scala - Official Home Page
(online April 2016)
|Piazza della Scala
is a pedestrian central square of Milan connected to the main square of
Milan, Piazza del Duomo, by the Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II passage.
The name of the square dates back to the church of Santa Maria della
Scala, dating from 1381, which was once located here.
Today, the square refers to the renowned Teatro alla Scala opera house, which occupies the north-western side of the square. When La Scala was built in 1778, it was facing a street rather than a square. It was only in the late 19th century that the authorities of Milan initiated a thorough renovation of the area, which involved the creation of the square.
The center of the square is marked by the monument of Leonardo da Vinci by sculptor Pietro Magni (1872).
The Teatro alla Scala was founded, under the auspices of the Empress Maria Theresa of Austria, to replace the Royal Ducal Theatre, which was destroyed by fire on 26 February 1776 and had until then been the home of opera in Milan.
The cost of building the new theatre was borne by the owners of the boxes at the Ducal, in exchange for possession of the land on which stood the church of Santa Maria alla Scala (hence the name) and for renewed ownership of their boxes. Designed by the great neoclassical architect Giuseppe Piermarini, La Scala opened on 3 August 1778 with Antonio Salieri's opera L'Europa riconosciuta, to a libretto by Mattia Verazi.
- Teatro alla Scala: History (online April 2016)
19th century painting
|Photos taken in February 2016
Tympanum: Apollo, The Greek and Roman god of poetry, prophecy, medicine, and light. Apollo represents all aspects of civilization and order.
Torch finials ... Balustrade ... Pilasters
Roman Corinthian columns ... Swag supported by ribbons
Roman Corinthian columns: Fleuron ... Volutes ... Acanthus leaves ... Smooth (Roman style) shaft
Door surround features triangular pediment and ancones
Rusticated bottom story ... Balustraded parapet
Door surround: Triangular pediment and ancones .... Balustrade