Basilica of Santa Croce - Table of Contents   ...............................  Architecture Around the World

Art
The Basilica of Santa Croce (Holy Cross)
Florence, Italy

On this page, below:

Bardi Chapel - "Saint Francis of Assisi and Scenes from his Life" altarpiece

Donatello's Annunciation

Tomb of Niccolo Machiavelli

Cenotaph of Dante Alighieri

Tomb of Michelangelo

Tomb of Galileo

Refectory - Tree of Life and Last Supper

Vasari's Last Supper

February 2020 photos

Bardi Chapel
"Saint Francis of Assisi and Scenes from his Life" altarpiece


Bardi Chapel
"Saint Francis of Assisi and Scenes from his Life" altarpiece
Altarpiece   ...   Saint Francis of Assisi    ...   Photo taken at an angle.  Background is not the Bardi Chapel (note the rood crucifix).



Bardi Chapel
Diagram, detailed below:


Bardi Chapel
#7 in the diagram is the "Saint Francis of Assisi and Scenes from his Life" altarpiece



Bardi Chapel
"Saint Francis of Assisi and Scenes from his Life"
 By Master of Francis (Maestro di San Francesco), active 1260–1272
Tempera on wood
1260


This is the altarpiece for the Bardi Chapel - temporarily(?) moved from its location when photos were taken in February 2020.  See Visit Florence: Bardi Chapel (online June 2020) for a photo of the painting used as an altarpiece.



Bardi Chapel
"Saint Francis of Assisi and Scenes from his Life"
Center image:  Note two stigmata



Bardi Chapel
#7 in the diagram  "Saint Francis of Assisi and Scenes from his Life" altarpiece




Bardi Chapel
Frescoes in the Bardi Chapel (1325-28)
By Giotto
#2 in
the diagram   ...   The Santa Croce frescoes are still among Giotto's  most admired works.    ...    As was the case with the neighboring Peruzzi Chapel, also by Giotto, these frescoes were also painted over in the 18th century, rediscovered in the 19th century, and reworked. During their restoration in the middle of the twentieth century, all reworked areas were removed and the ruined parts sealed with plaster.



Bardi Chapel
"Death & Ascension of St. Francis"
By Giotto
#3 in
the diagram



Bardi Chapel
"Death & Ascension of St. Francis"
By Giotto
#5 in
the diagram





Annunciation
By Donatello


Annunciation
Lower left: confessional   ...   Roman Corinthian column   ...   Renaissance style



Annunciation



Annunciation
"In 1884 the tabernacle was cleaned and the gilding restored. Luigi Del Moro, architect of the Opera di S. Croce, also found the two lying putti in 1894 which had been removed and damaged. The putti were restored and reassembled in 1900. The material is  the pietra serena." - Cultural Heritage (online June 2020)




Annunciation





Tomb of Niccolo Machiavelli














Cenotaph of Dante Alighieri
By Stefano Ricci
The Neoclassical sculptor Stefano Ricci was a student of Francesco Carradoris at the Accademia in Florence.
Neoclassical style
1819-1830


Cenotaph of Dante Alighieri
The cenotaph expresses the desire of Florence to have his son back, after the city sent him into exile.    ...   Dante’s final resting place is not Florence, but Ravenna.



Cenotaph of Dante Alighieri
Dante



  Cenotaph of Dante Alighieri
On the left, allegorical sculpture of Italy, points to the seated figure of Dante.   ...   “Onorate L’Altissimo Poeta” – or “Honor the Poet of the Highest Regard”



Cenotaph of Dante Alighieri
Allegorical sculpture representing Poetry mourning the loss of Italy’s Supreme Poet   ...   “Onorate L’Altissimo Poeta” – or “Honor the Poet of the Highest Regard”



Cenotaph of Dante Alighieri



Cenotaph of Dante Alighieri
 “Onorate L’Altissimo Poeta” – or “Honor the Poet of the Highest Regard”




Tomb of Michelangelo
By Giorgio Vasari
1564-1574


Michelangelo's Tomb
"The burial site for Michelangelo was built in 1564/1574, (designed by Giorgio Vasari). He is surrounded by three allegorical statues representing his artistic strong points: Painting (by Giovan Battista Lorenzi), Sculpture (by Valerio Cioli) and Architecture (by Giovan Battista Lorenzi) all of three which are shown in mourning.

"Michelangelo died in 1564 in Rome, miles away from Santa Croce but that didn’t deter his admirers - who reportedly stole his bones so that they would be buried in Florence."
-
Visit Florence   (online June 2020)



Michelangelo's Tomb
Roman Corinthian  pilasters   ...   IHS   ...     Scroll buttresses flank fresco painting 
of Jesus Being Removed from the Cross



Michelangelo's Tomb
LeftAllegorical Painting by Giovan Battista Lorenzi     ...    Allegorical Sculpture, by Valerio Cioli    ...    Allegorical Architecture, by Giovan Battista Lorenzi



Michelangelo's Tomb
Michelangelo



Michelangelo's Tomb




Tomb of Galileo
By Giulio Foggini
1737

"Condemned by the church for purporting theories in contrast to those of the Vatican, Pope Urban VII initially refused to let Galileo be buried in one of the monumental tombs of the church and it was left to local friars to bury him in an unmarked area of the church called the Cappella del Noviziato.

"Galileo’s reputation within the church was officially “rehabilitated” in 1992 by Pope John Paul II, even if his theories became popular since the XVII century onwards, among Enlightenment thinkers. It was during that century that his body was disinterred and placed in the actual tomb – sounds unbelievable but it’s true!

"There is still a lot of curiosity surrounding the event second burial due mostly to the fact that when the grave was open two other bodies were found." - Guided Florence Tours  (online June 2020)
 

Galileo's Tomb
"When Galileo's pupil Vincenzo Viviani died in 1703, he left money to build a tomb for both Galileo and himself. The tomb was paid for with additional money from the architect and mathematician Giovan Battista Nelli who was himself a pupil of Viviani. When the tomb was completed in 1737 the remains of both Galileo and Vincenzo were disinterred and placed under it." - Professor Moriarty
(online June 2020)



Galileo's Tomb
Bust by Giovan Battista Foggini   ...   Holds telescope in his right hand: Most famous for defending heliocentrism against the Church, Galileo also considerably improved the refracting telescope and established some of the fundamental laws of classical mechanics.   



Galileo's Tomb
Allegorical Astronomy, by Vincenzo Foggini   ...   Allegorical Geometry, by Girolamo Ticciati



Galileo's Tomb




Refectory
Refectory: a room used for communal meals in an educational or religious institution.

Tree of Life
By Taddeo Gaddi


Refectory
Tree of Life  and Last Supper frescos





Refectory
Tree of Life  and Last Supper diagram
Tree of Life:  One of Giotto’s most talented followers, Taddeo Gaddi dedicated thirty passionate years to the decoration of this refectory, between 1334 and 1366.



Refectory
Tree of Life - Crucifixion
Letter a in diagram above



Refectory
Tree of Life - Crucifixion
Letter a in diagram above



Refectory
Tree of Life - St. Francis Receiving the Stigmata
Letter c in diagram above



Refectory
Tree of Life - St. Louis of Toulouse Serving the Poor in the Refectory
Letter d in diagram above



Refectory
Tree of Life - The Angel Orders the Priest to Bring Bread to St. Benedict in His Hermitage
Letter e in diagram above



Refectory
Ultima Cena / Last Supper fresco


Taddeo Gaddi



Refectory
Ultima Cena / Last Supper
Letter b in diagram above   ...   Four details below:


Refectory
Ultima Cena / Last Supper
Detail #1 - Letter b in diagram above



Refectory
Ultima Cena / Last Supper
Detail #2 - Letter b in diagram above



Refectory
Ultima Cena / Last Supper
Detail #3 - Letter b in diagram above



Refectory
Ultima Cena / Last Supper
Detail #4  - Letter b in diagram above





Ultima Cena / Last Supper





Two details below:


Left side



Right side






Photos and their arrangement 2020 Chuck LaChiusa
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