Illustrated Architecture Dictionary ...............Illustrated FURNITURE Glossary

Flanders /Flemish

Flanders; A historical region of northwest Europe including parts of northern France, western Belgium, and southwest Netherlands along the North Sea.

Flanders: Modern Belgium in large part

Flemish: Of or relating to Flanders, the Flemings, or their language

Netherlands: AKA Holland

Dutch: Netherlands

Flemish scroll: An S or C curved ornamental form in which a scroll is broken by an angle, used in Flemish Renaissance furniture and also in the English Charles I & II and William and Mary styles. - Martin S. Pegler, The Dictionary of Interior Design. 1989.

Flemish foot: Scroll-like ending to an S or C curved leg, popular in 17th century styles in Flanders, England, and France. - Martin S. Pegler, The Dictionary of Interior Design. 1989.

Flemish ear: A late French Renaissance and Baroque furniture foot, similar to the Flemish scroll foot, except that the design (the S or C) is inverted. Appears on some furniture of the Louis XIV period. - Martin S. Pegler, The Dictionary of Interior Design. 1989.

Flemish chair: A late 17th century English high-backed chair, with or without arms. The splat was a panel of cane, upholstery, laths, or balusters surmounted with an elaborate carved cresting. The legs had straight backs with bold curves in front, and were supported by scroll feet. The stretcher consisted of two concave curves joined by a convex curve in the center. - Martin S. Pegler, The Dictionary of Interior Design. 1989.

Flemish bond: A form of brickwork in which headers (end) and stretchers (horizontal length) alternate

In the sixteenth century, the Netherlands came under the crown of Hapsburg Spain when the emperor Charles V retired, leaving the Spanish throne and his Netherlandish provinces to his only son, Philip II. Philip's repressive measures against the Protestants led the northern provinces to break away from Spain and to set up the Dutch republic under the House of Orange [Cf., William of Orange].

The southern provinces remained with Spain, and their official religion continued to be Catholic. The political distinction between modern Holland and Belgium more or less reflects this original separation, which, in the
Baroque period, signalized not only religious but also artistic differences. The Baroque art of Flanders (the Spanish Netherlands) remained in close contact with the Baroque art of the Catholic countries, while the Dutch schools of painting developed their own subjects and styles, consonant with their reformed religion and the new political, social, and economic structure of the middle-class Dutch republic. - Gardner's Art Through the Ages, Tenth Edition, by Richard G. Tansey and Fred S. Kleiner. Harcourt Brace College Pub. 1996

Important Flemish (Antwerp) painters: Peter Paul Rubens (Catholic), and Anthony Van Dyck, who was an apprentice to Rubens. In the first half of the seventeenth century, Antwerp painting rapidly became one of the highlights of Baroque art. This was clearly linked to the activity of Rubens, who was immensely important not only for the astonishing stylistic quality of his work and for his enormous influence on several generations of painters, but also for his workshop practice modeled on the Italian method and his ability to familiarize others with Italian Renaissance and Early Baroque art.

Cf., Van Dyck's painting Charles I Dismounted, c. 1635. Louvre, Paris. Charles I was an English monarch who ruled 1625-1649 (beheaded). The style during his reign is sometimes referred to as Jacobean, sometimes Baroque.


Flemish legs

Flemish "S" scroll leg

Flemish "S" scroll leg

Flemish foot: England, c. 1690 (acanthus leaves)

Flemish "C" scroll armpost


Examples:


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