Sforza Castle - Table of Contents................  Architecture Around the World

Exterior - Sforza Castle
Milan, Italy

Photos taken in February 2016

Main entrance


Milan's castle was designed by Galeazzo II Visconti in 14th Century during the Renaissance period and  it was built as a defensive castle.
Rebuilt in the 15th century by Francesco Sforza, Duke of Milan, on the remains of the 14th-century fortification.
Extensively rebuilt by Luca Beltrami in 1891–1905.




The Filarete Tower: The entrance - Torre del Filarete - named after the Florentine architect and sculptor Antonio Averlino (called Filarete) who was hired by Francesco Sforza to reconstruct the 14th century Renaissance Visconti castle ...

"Less than a century after its completion in 1521, the tower, which had been converted into a gunpowder magazine, collapsed. The current edifice is the result of a tireless study of the available documents and iconography, by Luca Beltrami, in order to reconstruct the tower as faithfully to the renaissance original as possible. Inaugurated in 1905, the Filarete tower was dedicated to King Umberto I, assassinated only 5 years earlier in Monza. Beltrami inserted a clock into the top cubic section of the tower, whose radiant sun motif was inspired by the Sforza coat of arms. In addition he commissioned Luigi Secchi to sculpt a statue of Saint Ambrose in late 14th century style for the niche, as well as a Candoglia marble bas-relief portraying Umberto I on horseback. Finally, in commemoration of the Sforza, Beltrami decided to add to the tower the painted coats of arms of Francesco, Galeazzo Maria, Gian Galeazzo, Ludovico il Moro, Massimiliano and Francesco II." - Milano Castello: The Filarete Tower (online May 2016)
Details below:







Sun motif on clock inspired by the Sforza coat of arms


Machicolation ... St. Ambrose ... Sforza coats of arms




Saint Ambrose  ... Sforza coats of arms




Machicolation



Machicolation




Humberto I, King of Italy between 1878 and 1900   ... The new Filarete tower was dedicated to King Umberto I, assassinated only 5 years earlier in Monza,  and inaugurated in a solemn ceremony on 24th September 1905 (MCMV) ... Bas-relief sculpture




Drained moat



Battered foundation











Interior Courtyard




Interior Courtyard.
Seven details below:



Interior Courtyard.
Detail #1



Interior Courtyard.
Detail #2



Interior Courtyard.
Detail #3: Terra cotta ornamented arcade windows  ... Multifoil in tympanum




Interior Courtyard.
Detail #4



Interior Courtyard.
Detail #5 ... Terra cotta ornamentation



Interior Courtyard.
Detail #6



Interior Courtyard.
Detail #7: Tie rod anchors







Interior Courtyard.
Another view below:



Interior Courtyard.
Arcaded walkway: View of ceiling in illustration below:



Interior Courtyard.
Tie rods ... Four capitals detailed below:



Interior Courtyard.
Corinthian capital #1




Interior Courtyard.
Corinthian capital #2



Interior Courtyard.
Corinthian capital #3 ... Volutes and acanthus leaves



Interior Courtyard.
Corinthian capital #4 ... Fleurs-de-lis






Interior Courtyard.
Window surround detail below:



Interior Courtyard.






Interior Courtyard.
Four details below:




Detail #1



Detail #1 ... Sgraffito


Detail #2 ... Biscione (serpent consuming a human


Detail #3: Terra cotta roof tiles ...  Sgraffito






Miscellany





Miscellany: Looking up at a coved ceiling decorated with sgraffito




Miscellany: the Sforza coat of arms  includes  biscione (serpent consuming a human   ... Two details below:



Detail #1



Detail #2





Interior Courtyard.
Miscellany: Machicolation and terra cotta ornamented windows







Photos and their arrangement 2016 Chuck LaChiusa
 
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