Illustrated Architecture Dictionary
An area of wooden paneling on the lower part of the walls of a room.
From the early Dutch/German meaning - literally - cut down/prepared/handled timber rather than standing/growing timber
This term originally seems to have implied rough planks of oak timber, and subsequently to have been given to wooden paneling
Often topped by a chair rail.
Very extensively employed during the reigns of Queen Elizabeth and James I, and for a long period afterwards. The name has long- ceased to be confined to oak paneling
In Colonial America, the term referred to the sheathing applied over an entire interior wall surface in either a horizontal or vertical orientation.
American farmhouse wainscots:
- Plank (esp. popular in Greek Revival buildings)
- Victorian beadboard (paneling that is covered in a series of distinctive grooves; classically, it is installed so that the grooves run vertically, creating a striped or paneled effect)
- Cottage beadboard
- Paneled (esp. popular in Greek Revival buildings)
Examples from Buffalo architecture:
- Illustration above: Harlow C. Curtiss House / International Institute Paneled
- 121 Chapin Parkway Paneled
- 232 Crescent Avenue Paneled
- Charles F. Sternberg House / The Mansion on Delaware Avenue Paneled
- Engine #15 Fire Station Beadboard
- Robert B. Adam House Paneled
- Saturn Club Paneled
- 305 Elmwood Avenue Paneled
- North Park Theatre
- Fontainebleau Palace, France Paneled