Illustrated FURNITURE Glossary ........ Illustrated Architecture Dictionary

Turning

An ornamental or structural element of furniture produced by rotating a wood dowel on a lathe , and shaping the dowel with cutting tools into a series of nodules, swellings, disks, etc.

Wood shaped by applying a chisel to it while it is rotated on a lathe.

What's a lathe? See Early Wood Lathes (MacGregor Historic Games) and also photos and explanation of a large treadle lathe and scroll saw.

Types of turnings

Ball

Became popular in the Baroque period, including William and Mary style. Used as feet.

Ball-and-ring

Ball-and-ring-and-vase

Baluster

In the shape of a spindle column

Bamboo

Block-and-vase-and-ring

Illustration: Ansley Wilcox Mansion / Theodore Roosevelt Inaugural Site
 

Bulb-and-rings

Bulbous

Rounded or swollen

See Cup and cover (melon bulb) leg below

Cup and cover (melon bulb) leg

The cover is carved with heavy gadrooning; the bulb is quartered with acanthus leaves.

Commonly used in at the end of the the 16th and the beginning of the 17th centuries.

Ring

  Scroll
  Sausage
  Spindle

Spiral

Became popular in the Baroque period, including William and Mary style

Spool

Steeple

Trumpet

Flared end that resembles the bell of a trumpet.

Became popular in the Baroque period, including William and Mary style

Vase-and-block

See
Block-and-vase above

Vase-and-ring

Vase-and-ring-and-cylinder


Photos and their arrangement © 2005 Chuck LaChiusa
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