Illustrated FURNITURE Glossary ................................ Illustrated Architecture Dictionary
An ornamental or structural element of furniture produced by rotating a wood dowel on a lathe, and shaping the dowel with cutting tools into a series of nodules, swellings, disks, etc.
Wood shaped by applying a chisel to it while it is rotated on a lathe.
What's a lathe? See Early Wood Lathes (online December 2017) and also photos and explanation of a large treadle lathe and scroll saw (online December 2017).
Types of turnings
- Illustration: Windsor chair - Fairmount Park Woodford House, Philadelphia
- Illustration: Slat-back (ladder-back) armchair - Old Editions Book Shop and Café
- Wainscot chair - Seymour H. Knox House / Blessed Sacrament RC Church Parish Office
- Cane-seated side chair - Athenaeum, Philadelphia
- Windsor armchair - stretcher - Independence Hall, Philadelphia
- Illustration: Ansley Wilcox Mansion / Theodore Roosevelt Inaugural Site
- Table leg - Horace Reed House
- Corner chair - Fairmount Park Woodford House, Philadelphia
Illustration: Ansley Wilcox Mansion / Theodore Roosevelt Inaugural Site
See Cup and cover (melon bulb) leg below
- Illustration: Cupboard - Winterthur Museum
Cup and cover (melon bulb) leg
The cover is carved with heavy gadrooning; the bulb is quartered with acanthus leaves.
Commonly used in at the end of the the 16th and the beginning of the 17th centuries.
- Illustration: Kittinger dining room table - Seymour H. Knox House / Blessed Sacrament RC Church Parish Office
Scroll Sausage Spindle
- Illustration: St. John's Grace Episcopal Church
- Broad spiral turnings on chair - Ansley Wilcox Mansion / Theodore Roosevelt Inaugural Site
- Illustration: Hired man's bed - Boies-Lord House (Hamburg)
- Illustration: Steeple-turned finials - St. John's Grace Episcopal Church
See Block-and-vase above