The original "Diana" was a 19-foot, 2,000-pound sheet-copper figure that was designed to be placed atop the Stanford White-designed Madison Square Garden in 1891. It was replaced by a 13-foot version after the original was dispatched to Chicago to crown McKim, Mead & White's Agricultural Building at the 1893 Columbian Exposition.

This is the only nude statue that Saint-Gaudens's designed. It caused quite a bit of controversy.