Buffalo Waterfront - Table of Contents
On Buffalo Architecture & History:
Grain Elevator Dictionary
3 drawings illustrating how grain elevators work
The Slip Form Method and Reinforced Concrete Grain Elevators
Buffalo's Demolished Grain Elevators
Buffalo Grain Elevator "Preserve" Photos
Dale Butler, Alfred Edward Baxter and the Grain IndustryFrancis R. Kowsky, Monuments of a Vanished Prosperity: Buffalo's Grain Elevators and the Rise and Fall of the Great Transnational System of Grain Transportation History of Buffalo's Grain Elevators
Francis R. Kowsky, Historic and Architectural Resources of the Buffalo Grain and Materials Elevator Multiple Property Submission
Ramona Pando Whitaker, Attitude Is Everything: Cylinders and Pyramids
1841, 1894, 1910, 1960
|Agway Elevator||385 Ganson Street|
|American / Russell-Miller Milling Co / Peavey Elevator||87 Childs Street||Silo City|
|American Malting / Perot Malting / Genesee Brewing Elevator||100 Childs Street||Silo City|
|Buffalo Malting Elevator, / Kreiner Malting||50 Elk Street||HABS (online April 2013)|
|Cargill Electric / Electric / Eastern Elevator||40 Childs Street||HABS. (online April 2013)|
|Cargill Flour Milling /Urban Mill & Elevator||200 Urban St.||HABS (online April 2013)|
|Cargill Superior / Superior Elevator||874 Ohio Street||HABS (online April 2013)|
|ConAgra / Lake & Rail Elevator / International Milling||120 Childs Street|
|Concrete-Central Elevator||175 Buffalo River||HABS (online April 2013)|
|Connecting Terminal Elevator
||100 Fuhrmann Boulevard|
|Cooperative Grange League Federation Elevator / GLF Elevator / Wheeler Elevator||385 Ganson Street|
|Cutter & Austin Elevator|
|Eastern Elevator /
Electric / Cargill Electric Elevator , 40 Childs Street
||HABS (online April 2013)|
|Electric / Cargill Electric / Eastern Elevator||40 Childs Street
|Frontier / Washburn Crosby / General Mills Elevator, 54 South Michigan Avenue||HABS (online April 2013)|
|GLF Elevator / Cooperative Grange League Federation / Wheeler Elevator
||385 Ganson Street|
|General Mills / Frontier / Washburn Crosby Elevator||54 South Michigan Avenue||HABS (online April 2013)|
|Genesee Brewing / American Malting / Perot Malting Elevator||100 Childs Street||Silo City|
|Great Northern Grain Elevator / Mutual / Pillsbury Elevator
||250 Ranson Street|
|Hecker / Nesbitt / Pillsbury / Standard Elevator||1 Saint Clair Street|
|H-O Oats Elevator
H-O Oats Elevator photo(?) in 1905 Buffalo of Today: Domestic and Industrial
|54 Fulton Street|
|International Milling / ConAgra / Lake & Rail Elevator||120 Childs Street|
Kreiner Malting / Buffalo Malting Elevator
||50 Elk Street||HABS (online April 2013)|
|Lake and Rail Elevator / International Milling / ConAgra||120 Childs Street|
|Marine "A" Elevator||105 Childs Street||Silo City|
|Meyer Malting Elevator / Meyer Malting / Schaefer Brewing Grain Elevator||1314 Niagara Street||HABS (online April 2013)|
|Nesbitt / Standard / Hecker / Pillsbury Elevator||1 Saint Clair Street|
|Peavey Elevator /
American / Russell-Miller Milling Co.
||87 Childs St.||Silo City|
|Perot Malting / American Malting / Genesee Brewing Elevator||100 Childs Street||Silo City|
|Pillsbury / Nesbitt / Standard / Hecker Elevator||1 Saint Clair Street|
|Pool / Saskatchewan Cooperative Elevator||1489 Furhmann Boulevard||HABS (online April 2013)|
|Russell-Miller Milling Co / American / Peavey Elevator|| 87 Childs St.
|Saskatchewan Cooperative Elevator / Pool||1489 Furhmann Boulevard||HABS (online April 2013)|
|Schaefer Brewing Elevator / Meyer Malting||1314 Niagara Street
||HABS (online April 2013)|
|Spencer Kellogg Elevator / Schaefer Brewing / St. Mary's Cement||389 Ganson Street||HABS (online April 2013)|
|Standard / Hecker / Nesbitt / Pillsbury Elevator||1 Saint Clair Street|
|Superior Elevator / Cargill Superior.||874 Ohio Street:||HABS (online April 2013)|
|Urban Mill & Elevator / Cargill Flour Milling||200 Urban St||HABS (online April 2013)|
|Washburn Crosby / Frontier / General Mills Elevator,||54 South Michigan Avenue||HABS (online April 2013)|
|Wheeler Elevator / Cooperative Grange League Federation Elevator / GLF Elevator||385 Ganson Street|
|Wollenberg Elevator||133 Goodyear Avenue
On other websites:
Henry H. Baxter, Adventures in American History Series: Grain Elevators (online April 2013)
Nicholas Howe, Across an Inland Sea: Writing in Place from Buffalo to Berlin E-text (online April 2013)
Mark Maio, Against the Grain Illustrations and info (online April 2013)
Reconsidering Concrete Atlantis: Buffalo Grain Elevators (online April 2013)
HABS: Buffalo Grain Elevators 107 data pages (online April 2013)
The Industrial Heritage Trail The Industrial Heritage Committee, Inc. (online April 2013)Grain Elevator Map Buffalo History Works. (online April 2013)
As articulated by Reyner Banham in A Concrete Atlantis (1986), the grain elevators in general and those in Buffalo in particular were an inspiration to modern architects in Europe.
The Importance of Grain Elevators
2 excerpts from
Reconsidering Concrete Atlantis: Buffalo Grain Elevators (online Jan. 2013)
Le Corbusier declared, “Thus we have the American grain elevators and factories, the magnificent FIRST FRUITS of the new age ..."
It was the power of the visual image that moved these architects, and the adoption of their formal qualities had a long term effect on modern architecture. The simple but powerful geometric structures and the ideology of practical design without ornamentation conformed to the purposes of modernism.
- Lynda H. Schneekloth, p. 15 (online Jan. 2013)
In the 1910s and 1920s, photographs of grain elevators circulated in European architectural publications dedicated to modern architecture, prominent Buffalo examples included. That the functional dictates of grain storage could produce the uncontrived beauty of the platonic cylinder was taken as proof of modernist values. Such industrial buildings, it followed, were at least as modern as any contemporary architecture with masterly authors, such as Louis Sullivan or Frank Lloyd Wright.
On the authority of these images, avant-garde European architects began to design non-industrial buildings that resembled an American industrial type that they had never physically experienced ....
A Concrete Atlantis [by Reyner Banham, 1986] made the claim that the quintessence of European modernism was rooted in two types of American industrial buildings, the daylight factory and the grain elevator ....
The association of elevators with pure form appears to have entered modernist consciousness via Wilhelm Worringer’s comparison of contemporary silos to the monuments of ancient Egyptians in his celebrated text, Abstraction and Empathy (1908). In addition to the fact that the concrete silos bore an uncanny likeness to the massive columns of New Kingdom temples, ancient Egypt was associated with the history of grain storage through the biblical story of Joseph stockpiling grain for the seven years of famine, as well as the myth that the pyramids functioned as silos.
In 1913, Gropius’ [Water Gropius, founder of the Bauhaus School] conclusion that America -- rather than Germany -- was the ‘Industrial Motherland’ would have come as a surprise the industrialists, artists, and architects to whom the manifesto was most immediately addressed.
- Hadas Steiner, pp. 106-107 (online Jan. 2013)