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Hagia Sophia - Table of Contents

Exterior - Hagia Sophia
Istanbul, Turkey

On May 29th, 1453, the Ottomans conquered Constantinople and sultan Mehmet II ordered to convert the church into a mosque. In order to use it as a mosque,  a mihrab and a minbar were added inside, a fountain for ablution was placed in the courtyard, and minarets were built in different periods in the outer corners of the building.



Source: Architecture, Sculpture, and the Industrial Arts Among the Nations of Antiquity / a series of illustrations arranged chronologically, and forming an atlas, to be used in connection with any work on the history of art. Authorized American edition, published under the supervision of S. R. Koehler. Boston: L. Prang and Company, 1879, Series II, plate 42, fig. 4. Found on Islamic Arts & Architecture  (online Dec. 2014)


Source: H.W. Janson’s History of Art, A Survey of the Major Visual Arts from the Dawn of History to the Present Day.
Published by Prentice-Hall Inc., of Englewood Cliffs, N.J. and Harry N. Abrams Inc., New York. Found on Nititas3.com  (online Dec. 2014).

Note color photo below of the same view:


2014 Nancy LaChiusa






2014 Nancy LaChiusa



Fountain for ablution placed in the courtyard after the Byzantine church was converted into a mosque.
2014 Nancy LaChiusa










Drawing , c. 1876.  Found on Hellenica (online Dec. 2014).
Note right side building in the color photo below:














 As indicated, some color photos courtesy of Nancy LaChiusa

Page by Chuck LaChiusa in 2014
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