U.S. Courthouse Building - Table of Contents

Federal Seal / Coat of Arms
U.S. Courthouse Building

2 Niagara Square, Buffalo, NY

2015 photos


Created by an Act of Congressn on June 20, 1782 ...
Shield … Bald eagle with its wings displayed … 13 arrows in  left talon, (referring to the 13 original states) …  Olive branch in its right talon depicted with 13 leaves and 13 olives,
again representing the 13 original states … Eagle with head turned towards the olive branch, on its right side, said to symbolize a preference for peace… Scroll with the motto E pluribus unum ("Out of Many, One")… A "glory" with 13 mullets (stars) on a blue field forming a six-pointed star ...
Details below:





Over its head there appears a "glory" with 13 mullets (stars) on a blue field. In the current (and several previous) dies of the great seal, the 13 stars above the eagle are arranged in rows of 1-4-3-4-1, forming a six-pointed star.





In its beak, the eagle clutches a scroll with the motto E pluribus unum ("Out of Many, One"), alluding to the unified states.




13 arrows in  left talon, (referring to the 13 original states) …  Olive branch in its right talon depicted with 13 leaves and 13 olives, again representing the 13 original states ... Symbolism: United States has a strong desire for peace, but will always be ready for war ... The eagle has its head turned towards the olive branch, on its right side, said to symbolize a preference for peace.





13 leaves and 13 olives,  representing the 13 original states ... Olive branch is a symbol of peace





 13 arrows, representing the 13 original statesalso  symbol for defense in war

Captions source: Wikipedia: Great Seal of the United States (online Sept. 2015)






Photos and their arrangement 2011 Chuck LaChiusa
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