Old County Hall - Table of Contents

George Washington Monument
92 Franklin Street, Buffalo, NY

By Joseph Turkalj


In front of Old County Hall















Note two Masonic symbols (details below:)



Masonic square (bottom) and compass (top) with sun (middle) ... The Square and Compass is the single most identifiable symbol of Freemasonry ...

"The square and circle shapes are related in Euclid’s 47th problem of “Squaring The Circle,” said to be the primary goal of the Masonic craft. Squaring the circle, however, does not in this case refer to a mathematical problem: it is a spiritual reference to man’s instinctive quest to harmonize our physical and spiritual natures. Since Antiquity, the square has represented the physical body. The circle, on the other hand, has always represented the soul."  - Richard Cassaro, The Masonic Square and Compasses - Decoded (online Augyst 2014)



The Master Mason apron derives from the working apron of the ancient stone masons.

"Most American Freemasons wear a Master Mason Apron which are 14 inches by 16 inches and is made of white, synthetic leather with Masonic symbols embroidered onto them in blue thread ...
Some members wear an apron which has ties in the back, however most prefer the belted version. To keep them clean before and after lodge work, many Master Masons place them in zippered apron cases which have handles." -  Masonic Lodge of Education (online August 2014)

"There can be no doubt that the Masonic apron has been developed from the apron worn by operative masons in the middle ages. The few examples surviving show that the operative apron was fashioned from the skin of an animal, most probably a sheep. It was large enough to cover the wearer from chest to ankles, and its fall was held by a leathern thong which passed round the neck. From each side a thong, firmly stitched, enabled the mason to tie the apron round his waist, and the tied bow tended to fall as end-strings. The use of this rough apron continued for many centuries ; the woven apron used by modern masons is comparatively late; it came into use in the eighteenth century...
The tendency to decorate Masonic aprons with symbolic designs began in the 1730’s, and between 1740 and 1790 this practice became widespread. These efforts were mostly crude, but many surviving examples reveal skill and taste. Indian ink, paint and embroidery were commonly used for this ornamentation. The most popular designs usually included the All-Seeing Eye, the Columns, and the Square and Compasses..." - F.R. Worts, The Apron and its Symbolism. (online August 2014)




J(oseph) Turkalj, Sc(ulptor)








Photos and their arrangement 2014 Chuck LaChiusa
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