Illustrated Architecture Dictionary ..................... Illustrated FURNITURE Glossary
Also called garland or swag
Garland: a wreath or festoon of flowers, leaves, or other material, worn for ornament or as an honor or hung on something as a decoration
Festoon: A string or garland of ribbons, flowers, fruit or foliage draped between two supports
Fruit festoon: Garland of fruit, leaves, and flowers, tied with ribbons and usually draped between two rosettes to form a downward curve. A popular Roman motif, revived in the RenaissanceBay leaf garland: A type of garland
Swag: Frstoon depicting fabric or linen
Margent: "Margent is a vertical arrangement of flowers, leaves or hanging vines used as a decorative ornament in architecture and furniture design in the 17th and 18th century. This motif was developed as a complement to other decorative ornaments, hanging as "drops" at the ends of a festoon or swag. Also used to accentuate the vertical lines of window frames and centered in ornamental panels." - Wikipedia (online May 2018)
In ancient Greek competitions, a garland of laurel was placed on the winner's head.
Used as decoration on pilasters and panels and suspended in a curve between rosettes, skulls of animals, etc.
In cemeteries, on monuments or markers, the symbol of saintliness and glory; victory in death.
Found in classical Greek and Roman architecture and derivatives, including Beaux Arts Classicism, Classical Revival, Federal, Colonial Revival styles
Carved decorative element, sometimes consists of a fruit or floral motif, similar to a drapery
Examples from Buffalo:
- Left illustration above: Buffalo Savings Bank
- Right iillustration above: Maltby House
- Williams-Pratt House
- Electric Tower
- Knox House
- Birge Memorial
- 321 Ellicott St
- Our Lady of Victory Basilica
- 626 Humboldt Pkwy.
- Louis Engle Building, 1176 Main St.
- Furniture: Shield-back armchair - Edward Harvey House. 91 Jewett Parkway
- Furniture: Brass fireplace fender - Private collection, Buffalo, NY