Illustrated Architecture Dictionary ..................... Illustrated FURNITURE Glossary
Also called garland or swag
Garland: a wreath or festoon of flowers, leaves, or other material, worn for ornament or as an honor or hung on something as a decoration
Festoon: A string or garland of ribbons, flowers, fruit or foliage draped between two supports
In ancient Greek competitions, a garland of laurel was placed on the winner's head.
Used as decoration on pilasters and panels and suspended in a curve between rosettes, skulls of animals, etc.
In cemeteries, on monuments or markers, the symbol of saintliness and glory; victory in death.
Fruit festoon: Garland of fruit, leaves, and flowers, tied with ribbons and usually draped between two rosettes to form a downward curve. A popular Roman motif, revived in the Renaissance
A type of garland is bay leaf garland
Found in classical Greek and Roman architecture and derivatives, including Beaux Arts Classicism, Classical Revival, Federal, Colonial Revival styles
Carved decorative element, sometimes consists of a fruit or floral motif, similar to a drapery
Examples from Buffalo:
- Left illustration above: Buffalo Savings Bank
- Right iillustration above: Maltby House
- Williams-Pratt House
- Electric Tower
- Knox House
- Birge Memorial
- 321 Ellicott St
- Our Lady of Victory Basilica
- 626 Humboldt Pkwy.
- Louis Engle Building, 1176 Main St.
- Furniture: Shield-back armchair - Edward Harvey House. 91 Jewett Parkway
- Furniture: Brass fireplace fender - Private collection, Buffalo, NY