Art Nouveau FURNITURE ......................Art Nouveau Stained Glass .....................Illustrated Architecture Dictionary
Art Nouveau Architecture
An international style of decoration and architecture of the late 19th century and early 20th centuries, characterized particularly by the depiction of leaves and flowers in flowing, sinuous lines
The name derives from the Maison de l'Art Nouveau, an interior design gallery opened in Paris in 1896
- Organic and dynamic forms
- Curving design
- Writhing plant forms
- Strict avoidance of historical traits
Developed principally in France and Belgium.
- Britain- the architecture of Rennie Mackintosh, the drawings of Aubrey Beardsley
- France - Guimard's famous glass and iron Metro designs; the glassware of Lalique (1860-1945).
- Spain - Gaudi in Barcelona.
- Vienna - Gustav Klimt; Otto Wagner
- US- Louis Comfort Tiffany; Louis Sullivan
Names in various European countries:
- France - Art Nouveau ("New art")
- Germany - Jugendstil
- Austria - Sezession
- Italy - Liberty
- Spain - Modernismo
- Netherlands - Nieuwe Kunst
- Poland - Secessionist
The style drew on Baroque, Gothic and Moorish traditions, but was mainly unbounded by rules.
Art Nouveau exploited the machine and reveled in the possibilities of decorative tiles and wrought iron. This was a deliberate attempt to put an end to imitations of past styles. In its place was a free type of architecture which integrated arts and crafts with architectural forms.
The roots of Art Nouveau go back to the English Arts and Crafts Movement and William Morris. Some would argue that Art Nouveau is a substyle of Arts and Crafts. Art Nouveau was replaced by Art Deco.
Examples from Buffalo architecture:
- Illustration above: Calumet Building
- Guaranty Building
- Ansonia Building
- Chemical No. 5 Firehouse Tie rod anchor
- Photo - Ornamental wrought-iron, 491 Delaware Ave., Midway
- Photo - Wall sconce
- Art Nouveau Stained Glass
- Chicago Stock Exchange Trading Room
- Medical Society Building, Cracow, Poland Interior
- Metro Stations in Paris
- The Black Friar Pub, London, England
- 174-176 Keizersgracht, Amsterdam, Netherlands
- American Hotel, Amsterdam, Netherlands
- La Maison des Paons, Geneva, Switzerland
- Franciscan Church, Cracow, Poland
- Old Theatre, Cracow, Poland
- Municipal House, Prague, Czech Republic
- Casa Terrades, Barcelona, Spain
- Casa Batllo, Barcelona, Spain
- Casa Mila, Barcelona, Spain